A cataract is a clouding of the natural lens inside the eye. Cataracts are the leading cause of treatable blindness in all areas of the world, especially in adults 55 and older. Contrary to popular belief, a cataract is not a “film” over the eye. Rather it is a gradual thickening of the lens that causes the lens to become so clouded that light is either distorted or cannot reach the back of the eye (the retina) for transmission to the brain. When left untreated, cataracts can eventually cause functional blindness.
Why Do We Get Cataracts?
As we all age, cataracts inevitably progress. Age–related cataracts develop very slowly and painlessly. In fact, we may not even realize that our vision is changing until we find ourselves going to the eye doctor seeking a change in our eyeglass or contact lens prescription. Symptoms of a cataract include blurry or dim vision, colors appearing faded, poor night vision, haloes appearing around lights, and sensitivity to bright lights.
However, an eye injury, certain diseases, and even some medications can cause cataract as well. Trauma to the eye can also cause cataracts and is the most common cause of cataracts in persons under 40 years of age.
How Can I Prepare For Cataract Surgery?
Dr. Garcia performs a comprehensive examination of the cataract, evaluating the status of each eye structure and the performance of the visual system.
When cataract surgery is recommended, Dr. Garcia thoroughly discusses all aspects of the surgery with the patient, and creates a personalized treatment plan. Dr. Garcia will assist the patient in selecting an intraocular lens implant (IOL) that best serves his/her visual needs and preferences. The Crystalens is an advanced upgraded IOL that is able to provide distance and near vision, and is recommended for many patients. We suggest a personal consultation and examination to determine if cataract surgery would be helpful to you.